Guide for Authors



Authors should submit their manuscripts electronically through the Journal website submission system to the Editorial Office. INJES Website:



Manuscripts must be submitted in English or Arabic and should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminology. Manuscripts should be typed in Times New Roman of 12 pt font for English and Simplified Arabic of 12 pt font for Arabic, and in MS-Word format in one column use A4 paper size. No line number should be applied to the manuscript. Manuscript submission must be applied once to obtain only one submission ID number. More than one submission for a single manuscript can lose the chance of manuscript consideration. The manuscript must be formatted on the new journal template, which will be adopted from the issue 1 of volume 22, and the Template can be downloaded from here.

1-1: English Language Writing

All publications in the INJES are in the English or Arabic language. Authors whose first language is not English should make sure their manuscript is written in idiomatic English before submission. Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). No language and copy-editing services are provided by the INJES; hence, authors who feel their manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors are encouraged to obtain such services before submission. Authors are responsible for all costs associated with such services. All accepted papers will be subjected to linguistic editing, which will be free of charge.

 1-2: New Submissions

Submission to the INJES journal proceeds online and authors will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of the manuscript files. As part of the manuscript, authors may choose to submit the manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a Word document (*.docx), that can be used by referees to evaluate the manuscript. All figures and tables are encouraged to be embedded and included in the main manuscript file in the result section.

 1-3: References

References list must be provided according to the format of the INJES references in a consistent style. Where applicable, author(s) name(s). year of publication. article title. journal abbreviation. volume (issue number): pagination. Doi: 

Please note that you can print your references using Mendeley, Endnote, or any other reference format software, or use manual printing using MS Word as these methods are accepted by INJES. 

1-4: Formatting requirements

There are no strict formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example, Abstract, Keywords, Article Highlights, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgement, Conflict of Interest, and References. Please ensure all figures and tables should be embedded and included in the main manuscript file in the results section.

 1-5: Revised Submissions

Regardless of the file format of the original submission, at revision, the authors are instructed to submit their manuscript in INJES format in a Word document (*.docx). Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. To avoid unnecessary errors the authors are strongly advised to use the 'spell-check' and 'grammar-check for the submitted manuscript. At this stage, the author(s) name and affiliation should be inserted.



Manuscript literature and tenses must be structured as Title; Abstract; Keywords; Article Highlights; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusion; Acknowledgements and References submitted in a file with limited size.

2-1: Manuscript Title

The title of fewer than 17 words can contain the name of locations, countries, or cities of the research. Don't use abbreviations in the title, as well as should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter throughout the text. Avoid complicated and technical expressions and do not use vague expressions.

 2-2: Abstract

An abstract of 150 to 250 words that sketches the purpose of the study; basic procedures; main findings novelty; discussions and the principal conclusions, should not contain any undefined abbreviations or references.

2-3: Keywords

Provide 3 to 5 keywords that can be used for indexing purposes. Keywords should not repeat the words of the manuscript title or contain abbreviations.

2-4: Highlights

Highlights are mandatory for the INJES journal. A highlight is a concise, short phrase, conveying the core findings of your research. The approximate length of a highlighted item will be between 3 to 5 points only.

 2-5: Introduction

Describes briefly the background of the investigation with updated information and states the aim of the study.

 2-6: Materials and Methods

Provide sufficient details to enable the fieldwork, laboratory tests, experiments, and deskwork to be reproduced.  Metric and standard international units should be used in this section and throughout the manuscript. Specify the computer software used for mathematical and statistical analysis and define the terms, abbreviations, and symbols applied. In a case that the manuscript contains analyses using devices or instruments, the author must write down the type of device, the laboratory location, and the date of the analysis, with an official endorsement by the department or authority in which the experiments were completed.

 2-7: Results

Present the results and their significance. Graphs and tables should be self-explanatory. Do not repeat in figures or in the text the data presented in tables. Tables and figures should be numbered in the order of their mention in the text.

2-8: Discussion

Deals with critical review and interpretations of the results, and is supported by relevant updated references. Repetition of data should be avoided. It should end with brief conclusions. In Short Communications, Results and Discussion may be combined.

 2-9: Conclusion

This section should highlight the major, firm discoveries, and state what the added value of the main finding is, without literature references.

 2-10: Acknowledgements

Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. Financial support affiliation of the study, if exists, must be mentioned in this section. Thereby, the Grant number of financial support must be included.

 2-11: Conflict of Interest

A conflict of interest statement must be placed in the manuscript as below: "The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this manuscript".

 2-12: References

Cite about 15 up to 20 articles in a research article, and use the APA 7th Edition Style. Personal communications or unpublished data should be mentioned in the text, but not included in the list of references. In the manuscript English text, the reference is indicated in the text by writing the Author's last name and the year. Also, if two authors, their names must be written with the year. However, if they are three or more, the name of the first author is mentioned with the suffix (et al.,) and the year. While in a manuscript written in Arabic the name of the first author and others are mentioned with the year if they are three or more. The references in the list are arranged according to the alphabetical letters of the last name or surnames of authors that are recorded with the first letter of personal names or full personal names of the Arabic references, without numbering the references and the years are not placed in parentheses, as follows:

- Journal article: 

Al-Jawadi, A. S., Al-Dabbagh, Th. H., and Dawlat, M. S., 2021, Slope Assessment and Suggested Slope Design of the Bekhme Residential Complex in North Iraq,  Indian Geotechnical Journal, pp. 1-11, Springer India, DOI: 10.1007/s40098-020-00497-1.

- Book: 

Jassim, S. Z., and Goff, J. C., 2006. Geology of Iraq, 1st. Edited by Lea Novotna. Dolin, Hlavni 2732, Prague and Moravian Museum, Zelny trh 6, Brno, Czech Republic, 362 P.

- Thesis: 

Caixeta, F. F., 2016. An evaluation of Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis applied to Landsat 8 OLI images for mapping land cover in southern Africa’s Savanna’. MSc. Thesis, University of Louisville, 55 P.

 Please note that you can print your references using Mendeley, Endnote, or any other reference format software, or use manual printing using MS Word as these methods are accepted by INJES. 



Pictures are considered figures if their number is not more than three and plates if more than that, also every four pictures or more are considered one plate, and the pictures are referred to as part of the plate number. For example, either (Plate 2 Fig. 3) or (Plate A: 2). The scientific names of the organisms (within the five different kingdoms) should be written in (Italic) with a mention of their classifier at the beginning of the manuscript.



Do not submit tables and graphs as a photograph. Tables should be set within the text as the Template style. Tables should be set within the text and should have a clear and rational structure along with consecutive numerical order. All tables should be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.). Give enough information in subtitles so that each table is understandable without reference to the text. For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table. Identify any previously published material by giving the source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption. Tables should be with the captions placed above in limited numbers. Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.



Figures/ illustrations should be in high-quality artwork, within 200-300 dpi. The figures must be in JPEG, PNG, or BMP format. Ensure that figures are clear, labeled, and of a size that can be reproduced legibly in the journal. Figures should be set within the text. The following remarks should be applied to the figures:

- Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text of the manuscript.

- Figure captions begin with the term Figures. Figures should be with the captions placed below in limited numbers.

- No punctuation is to be placed at the end of the caption. 

- Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.

- Identify previously published material by giving the source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.



  1. Read the Journal’s Guide for Authors and make sure that the manuscript (text, tables, and figures) meets Journal requirements.
  2. The manuscript contains the main sections outlined in Journal’s Guide for Authors.
  3. Spell-check the manuscript.
  4. All authors must read the Ethics in publishing, Plagiarism prevention, Violation of publication ethics, and Handling cases of misconduct before being submitted to the INJES.
  5. The Manuscript has been read and approved by all listed authors.
  6. Not only the Corresponding Author but also the whole contributors of the manuscript are advised to be registered at the journal website to keep their names in the manuscript bio-sketches.