Keywords : Lepidocyclina

Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina) kirkukensis n. sp., a new Larger Foraminifera from the Late Oligocene of Kirkuk Area,Northern Iraq

Imad M. Ghafor; Qahtan A. Mohammad

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Science, 2011, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 37-50
DOI: 10.33899/earth.2011.5554

ABSTRACTLepidocyclina(Nephrolepidina) kirkukensis a new Foraminifera is recorded from the Late Oligocene Baba Formation (Kirkuk and Bai-Hassan Oil Fields, North Iraq). The new species is described and figured based on variations in (Ai, C and α ) parameters in agreement with the principles of nepionic acceleration as defined by Tan Sin Hock. The paleoenvironment of the Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina) kirkukensis is concluded as shallow marine according to the lithological features and faunal association.

Evelutionary Aspects of Lepidocyclina (Nephrolepidina ) from Baba and Azkand Formations (Oligocene-Miocene) in Kirkuk Area,Iraq

Emad m.ghafor; qahtan a.mohammed

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Science, 2005, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 19-31
DOI: 10.33899/earth.2005.41239

Biometric invesgation of the megalospheric individuals of nephrolepidina assemblages from several sections in Kirkuk area, iraq led to recognize three morphometically defined species by the combination of two parameters. The degree of embracement of the protoconch by deuteroconch (factor A ) and number of accessory auxiliary chambers on the deuteroconch (factor C ) on the basis of generally accepted theory which is called embryonic and nepionic acceleration. The succession of these three species corresponds to the phylogenitic lineage in the European-medierranean area which started at some level in the middle part of the Oligocene and continued upward into the early Miocene. The slow numerical progress in this lineage and especially the double morphometric definition of the species limits have led to the recognition of a wide array of morphologically intermediate assemblages.