Keywords : Bashiqa Remote Sensing

Distribution of Soil Deposites in Bashiqa Structure, North of Mosul City, Using Remote Sensing Data.

Mayada M. Al-Dulaimi; Hekmat S. Al-Daghastani

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2007, Volume 7, Issue 1, Pages 61-74

Remote sensing data were employed to study the soil distribution of Late Quaternary deposits in Bashiqa Structure, north of Mosul City. The outcome of this study distinguished three primary classes of soils depending on their morphogenetic origin. Furthermore, the first two classes encompass five subclasses related to its particular site within the study area, and in which the geomorphological factor plays an important role in the spatial distribution of soil forms; thus providings the tools of soil classification distribution map at the scale of 1/50,000.
The map produced is commensurable with the analysis of Landsat imagery at 1/100,000 scale, which resulted in the development of thematic image classified according to the relevant available computer programs. The separation of these classes accomplished through comparison of reflected spectrum of the optical pixels of the images with the spectral signature of each image pixels related to individual class.
The integration and discussion of the results and documentation of the above mentioned classification were ascertained by field and laboratory examinations in order to verify the differences among these classes and to enhance the variability of spectral reflectance from one site to another.