Keywords : Biostratigraphy

Planktonic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy of the Upper part of Balambo Formation (Lower-Upper Cretaceous) in Azmer Anticline, Northeastern Iraq

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2018, Volume 18, Issue 2, Pages 35-60

The present work is a part of detailed study of biostratigraphy of Balambo Formation (Lower - Upper Cretaceous) from Azmer anticline - northeastern Iraq. Lithologically, the upper part of the studied section (Balambo Formation) consists of dark gray, reddish brown shale and marl intercalation with amonitic and marly limestone. Based on planktonic foraminifera, the studied section is divided into five main biozones and two subzones. It is correlated with collection of global regional and local previous biozones. These biozones led to conclude that the age of the upper part of Balambo Formation extends over the Latest Aptian to Middle-Late Cenomanian. Moreover, the identified biozones are from older (at bottom) to younger (at top):
5- Rotalipora cushmani Taxon range Zone.
4- Thalmanninella globotruncanoides Interval Zone.
3- Biticinella breggiensis Interval Zon.
Ticinella praeticinensis Interval Subzone.
Pseudothalmanninella subticinensis Interval Subzone.
2- Ticinella primula Interval Zone.
1- Paraticinella eubejaouensis Taxon range Zone.يتضمن البحث الحالي د ا رسة طباقية حياتية لمفو ا رمنيف ا ر الطافية لتكوين بالامبو
)الكريتاسي الأسفل الأعمى( في طية أزمر شمال شرقي الع ا رق. يتألف ىذا الجزء من تتابعات لطبقات - -
الطفل الرصاصي الغامق المون والطفل البني المحمر وطبقات من المارل متداخمة مع طبقات الحجر الجيري
الامونايتي وطبقات الحجر الجيري المارلي. تم تقسيم ىذا المقطع الطباقي الى خمسة أنطقة حياتية رئيسة
واثنين من الأنطقة الحياتية الثانوية. وتمت مضاىاة ىذه الأنطقة مع مجموعة من الأنطقة الطباقية الحياتية
العالمية والإقميمية والمحمية، وبيذا إتضح أن عمر ىذا الجزء من التكوين يمتد من أواخر الأبتيان المتأخر
الى السينومينيان الأوسط المتأخر. وىذه الأنطقة من الأقدم )في الأسفل( الى الأحدث )في الأعمى(: -
5- Rotalipora cushmani Taxon range Zone.
4- Thalmanninella globotruncanoides Interval Zone.
3- Biticinella breggiensis Interval Zone.
. Ticinella praeticinensis Interval Subzone.
Pseudothalmanninella subticinensis Interval Subzone.
2- Ticinella primula Interval Zone.
1-Paraticinella eubejaouensis Taxon range Zone.

Ostracode Biostratigraphy of Shiranish, Hartha and Mushorah Formations from Selected Boreholes Northwest and Central Iraq

Saleh K. Khalaf; Ibrahim Y. Al-Shareefi; Marwan A. Al-Eisa

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2014, Volume 14, Issue 1, Pages 19-38

Ostracode biostratigaphy were investigated in detail from three formations (Shiranish, Hartha and Mushorah ) in subsurface sections of four boreholes Northwest and centre of Iraq.
On the basis of the ostracode species distribution, the studied formations were divided into four ostracode biozones as follows:

Biozone 1: Cytherella IRC 22 Interval zone. (Early Campanian).
Biozone 2: Occultocythereis elongata Interval zone. (Late Campanian).
Biozone 3: Krithe sp. M 1113 Interval zone. (Early Maastrichtian).
Biozone 4: Holcopocythere bassiporosa Interval zone. (Late Maastrichtian).

Depending on the above biozones correlated with other previous works from Iraq and the Middle East regions the following ages were proposed for the studied formations:

Shiranish Formation: Late Campanian - Maastrichtian.
Hartha Formation: Late Campanian - Early Maastrichtian.
Mushorah Formation: Early Campanian.

Biostratigraphy of Planktonic Foraminifera of Jaddala Formation (Eocene), Bara area, Northwestern Iraq

Majid M. Al-Mutwali; Inas S. Al-Sharbaty

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2013, Volume 13, Issue 2, Pages 67-84

A surface section of Jaddala Formation was studied near Bara Village in the western plunge area of Sinjar anticline northwestern Iraq . The sequences under study consist of marl, marly limestone and limestone beds. Detailed study of planktonic foraminifera revealed (38) species belonging to (14) genera, the stratigraphic distribution of these species permits the regognition of five zones, these are: Morozovella aragonensis Zone, Acarinina pentacamerata Zone, Acarinina bullbrooki Zone, Globigerinatheka subconglobata Zone and Acarinina collactea Zone. These zones indicate that Jaddala Formation is of Early - Middle Eocene age.

Biostratigraphy of Shiranish Formation in (K-306) Well, Kirkuk Area, Northern Iraq.

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2013, Volume 13, Issue 1, Pages 15-28

Planktonic foraminifera are studied from Shiranish Formation in Kirkuk well No.(306) , north of Iraq between depth interval( 1540-1660 m). Detailed study of the planktonic foraminifera revealed (25) species. The stratigraphic distribution of the Planktonic foraminifera recorded in the section permits the recognition of four zones these are from olderat the:

4- Gansserina gansseri Interval Zone ( Part).
3- Globotruncana aegyptiaca Interval Zone .
2- Globotruncanella havanensis Partial Range Zone.
1- Globotruncanita calcarata Total Range Zone ( Part) .

The zones are correlated with other studies inside and outside Iraq .The present work indicats that Shiranish Formation is of Late Campanian to Early Maastrichtion age.

Planktonic Foraminiferal Biostratigraphy of Shiranish Formation in Dohuk Area/ Northern Iraq

Mazin A. AL-Doori; Majid M. Al-Mutwali

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2012, Volume 12, Issue 3, Pages 17-40

The litho-and biostratigraphy of Shiranish Formation have been investigated within a well-exposed section at the southern limb of Bekhair anticline, Dohuk area, Northern Iraq. The studied section consists mainly of marl, marly limestone, and limestone. The Formation unconformably overlies Bekhme Formation and it is overlain unconformably by the Kolosh Formation. The samples of the section under investigation yielded rich and well diversified planktonic foraminiferal taxa, where 55 planktonic species belonging to 16 genera have been recognized, the detailed foraminiferal investigation permits the recognition of 8 well defined zones. These are from older at the base:

8. Plummerita hantkeninoides Total range Zone (Part).
7. Pseudoguembelina palpebra Partial range Zone.
6. Pseudoguembelina hariaensis Interval Zone.
5.Racemiguembelina fructicosa Interval Zone.
4. Planoglobulina acervulinoides Partial range Zone.
3. Contusotruncana contusa Interval Zone.
2. Gansserina gansseri Interval Zone.
1. Globotruncana aegyptiaca Interval Zone (Part).

The Planktonic zones were correlated with other zonal schems in and outside Iraq. They are considered to be extending from middle Late Campanian to latest Maastrichtian.

Biostratigraphy of the Balambo Formation (Lower Cretaceous ) in Jebel Azmer – Sulaimaniya Area, Northeastern Iraq

Rund A. Hammoudi; Tarik S. Abawi

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2008, Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 24-33

The Balambo Formation (Lower Cretaceous), exposed on Jebel Azmer in Sulaimaniya area northeastern Iraq, consists mainly of well bedded hard limestone. Outcrop of 224 m of the upper part of the Balambo Formation are well exposed on the surface with a steeply dipping angle. Planktonic foraminifera represent the major microfossil assemblage of the Balambo Formation. Nineteen cosmopolitan planktonic foraminiferal species were recorded from 92 samples. The identified planktonic foraminifera are of typical Tethyan character. Biostratigraphically the exposed part of the Balambo Formation is defined by four zones and two subzones, these are in ascending chronological order: Ticinella primula Zone, Biticinella breggiensis Zone which is divided into two subzones (Ticinella praeticinensis and Rotalipora subticinensis Subzones), Rotalipora ticinensis Zone and Rotalipora appenninica Zone. Accordingly the age of the Balambo Formation in Jebel Azmer is Middle–Late Albian. The presence of a major hiatus at the end of the Rotalipora appenninica Zone delineates the upper boundary of the formation in the studied section.

Biostratigraphy of Planktonic Foraminifera Within Shiranish Formation(Late Campanian-Middle Maastrichtian)in Butmah Well No. 15 Northwest Iraq

Sabah N. Hadad; Omar A. Nassery; Farouk S.AL.Omari Sabah N. Hadad

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2005, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 32-43

Eighteen plankonic foraminiferal species belonging to five genera have been identified within the studied section of Shiranish Formation in Butmah well no.15; which is divided into four biozones. The first zone represents the Late Campanian age while the other three zones extend within the Early and Middle Maastrichtian age These zones are:
-Gansserina gansseri Zone
-Globotruncana aegyptiaca Zone
- Globotruncanella havanensis Zone
-Globotruncanita calcarata Zone
The age of the studied section in Butmah well no.15 has been fixed as Late Campanian to Middle Maastrichtian while the upper part of the Middle Maastrichtian and the whole Upper Maastrichtian are missing. According to this fact the contact surface between Shiranish and Aaliji Formations is an unconformity surface.

Biostratigraphy of the Kometan and Gulneri Formations( Upper Cretaceous) in Jrmbor well No. 46, Northern Iraq

Tarik S. Abawi Saad A. Mahmood

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2005, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-8

Thirty eight planktonic foraminiferal species were recorded from the Kometan and Gulneri Formations in the subsurface section of Jambur well No. 46, northern Iraq. On the basis of stratigraphic ranges of the recorded foraminifera the studied sequences are attributed to Helvetoglobotruncana helvetica, Marginotruncana sigali, Dicarinella primitiva, D. concavata, Rosita fornicata and Globotruncanita elevata Zones. The Gulneri Formation is Middle to Late Turonian in age, whereas the Kometan Formation ranges from Late Turonian to Early Campanian.

Biostratigraphy of Planktonic Foraminifera in Aaliji and Jaddala Formations From East Baghdad Well No.2 , Middle Iraq

Abdullah S. Al-Hadidi; Farouk S.Al-Omari

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Sciences, 2004, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 86-97

Planktonic foraminifera are studied from Aaliji and Jaddala Formations in East Baghdad Well No.2 between the depth interval 1770-1900 m. Four biostratigraphic zones are recognized in these formations:
Globorotalia (A.) bullbrooki Zone (P.10).
Globorotalia (Morozovella) subbotinae subbotinae Zone (P.7).
Globorotalia (Morozovella) velascoensis Zone (P.5and6).
Globorotalia(Globorotalia)pseudomenardii Zone (P.4).
The results of this study are compared with the work of others inside and outside Iraq. The age of Aaliji in the said well is Late Paleocene - Early Eocene and that of Jaddala is Early – Middle Eocene.