Keywords : PETM


Rock Magnetic Properties during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM): Records from P/E boundary Sections (Sinjar, Shaqlawa) in Iraq

Ahmed N. Al-Fattah; Ali Al-Juboury; Imad M. Ghafor

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Science, 2018, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 55-74
DOI: 10.33899/earth.2018.159279

Rock magnetic properties have been investigated across the Paleocene/Eocene boundary in two distally separate sections of Paleogene marine sedimentary rocks from Iraq, namely the Sinjar and the Shaqlawa sections. The sediments at the studied sections belong to the Aaliji and the Kolosh formations respectively, which were previously examined for their biostratigraphy by the authors using planktonic and benthonic foraminifera to delineate the Paleocene/Eocene (P/E) transition. Measured magnetic properties include; bulk magnetic susceptibility, hysteresis cycles, isothermal remnant magnetization (IRM) acquisition, and thermomagnetic curves analysis. Rock-magnetic results (i.e. low magnetic coercivity component) indicate greigite as the main magnetic phase at Aaliji rocks, while a mixture of magnetite and greigite with high magnetic coercivity has been observed at Kolosh clastics. Magnetic susceptibility is induced by related to both biogenic minerals (mainly at Aaliji Formation) and transported terrigenous material sources. Multi varied magnitude phases of high bulk rock magnetic susceptibility observed in both formations along PETM lithosomes are attributed to two sources: greigite or biogenic iron oxides source and increase in terrigenous discharge source as inferred by anoxic to suboxic iron - sulfate-reducing conditions and lithological change respectively. Both sources referred to some of environmental conditions associated with Paleocene - Eocene thermal maximum events such as methane dissociation, water stratification, enhanced hydrological and weathering cycles..

Rock Magnetic Properties during the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM): Records from P/E boundary Sections (Sinjar, Shaqlawa) in Iraq

Ahmed Al-Fattah; Ali Al-Juboury; Imad Ghafor

Iraqi National Journal of Earth Science, 2018, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 55-74
DOI: 10.33899/earth.2021.170031

Rock magnetic properties have been investigated across the Paleocene/Eocene
boundary in two distally separate sections of Paleogene marine sedimentary rocks
from Iraq, namely the Sinjar and the Shaqlawa sections. The sediments at the
studied sections belong to the Aaliji and the Kolosh formations respectively, which
were previously examined for their biostratigraphy by the authors using planktonic
and benthonic foraminifera to delineate the Paleocene/Eocene (P/E) transition.
Measured magnetic properties include; bulk magnetic susceptibility, hysteresis
cycles, isothermal remnant magnetization (IRM) acquisition, and thermomagnetic
curves analysis. Rock-magnetic results (i.e. low magnetic coercivity component)
indicate greigite as the main magnetic phase at Aaliji rocks, while a mixture of
magnetite and greigite with high magnetic coercivity has been observed at Kolosh
clastics. Magnetic susceptibility is induced by related to both biogenic minerals
(mainly at Aaliji Formation) and transported terrigenous material sources. Multi
varied magnitude phases of high bulk rock magnetic susceptibility observed in
both formations along PETM lithosomes are attributed to two sources: greigite or
biogenic iron oxides source and increase in terrigenous discharge source as
inferred by anoxic to suboxic iron - sulfate-reducing conditions and lithological
change respectively. Both sources referred to some of environmental conditions
associated with Paleocene - Eocene thermal maximum events such as methane
dissociation, water stratification, enhanced hydrological and weathering cycles.